How to Deal with a Gap in your Career History

It is rare to complete a career and retire without one or two work history gaps along the way. Illness, family obligations and unemployment can all take their toll on a career. While some employers may see these gaps as a natural part of a career progression, others may look at your resume and question why you weren’t working. No worries-there are many ways you can easily handle addressing gaps in employment in your career and on your resume.

One way to ensure continuity in your career while dealing with a work history gap is to freelance. You may be able to work on projects at home while caring for a sick loved one. One example of how to list this on your resume:

Freelance Pharmaceutical Project Manager — XYZ City, Maine 1992-1994
Provided project management for the following companies: ABC, DEF, and GHI.

Another way to fill the gap between jobs is to volunteer. When you volunteer, you are still continuing to use skill sets you already have while also learning some new ones. List your work history first on your resume, then prominently list volunteer experience below that. You can make this volunteer experience stand out even more by placing it in a section called Related Volunteer Experience, which can be separate from previous volunteer experiences.

A functional resume will also help you to minimize work history gaps. Creating a functional resume reorganizes your career information into a skills summary, or list of keywords that describe your skills sets. A Professional Experience section divided into a few main areas of expertise will emphasize your experience while a reverse chronological Work History section merely lists your employers, the cities in which they are located and dates of employment. Emphasis is placed on your skill sets and experience instead of dates of employment.

You could still choose to use the common chronological resume format for your resume, and just list why you were out of work for a certain period. Many people do this when taking care of a very sick loved one. However, many people are not comfortable giving out such personal information on their resume. If this is your situation, simply build your resume with the work information you have, and be prepared to discuss gaps in employment during your interview.

McDonald’s hotline encourages public assistance for employees

Employment is usually something that people have to avoid the use of food stamps.

This is not so for employees of one of the largest fast food chains in the world.

Nancy Saldago worked for McDonald’s as a cashier for 10 years before she walked off of the job in protest of the low wages she received.

According to CNNMoney on Thursday, Saldago called the McResource line provided by the company to ask about certain resources including how to pay for utilities and medical expenses.

The call was recorded by the advocate group Low Pay Is Not OK, but Saldago told the representative that she was recording the call for her sister.

Saldago’s franchiser in Chicago did not pay for his workers to use the service, so she could not technically receive assistance.

“It made me mad [that I couldn’t get help from the McResource line] because I thought that all the McDonald’s employees qualified for it,” she said in a report by the Huffington Post.

The working mother earned $8.25 per hour for her work and was struggling to take care of her family, which prompted the call.

The resource operator did try to refer Saldago to several forms of public assistance to help her buy food, including the SNAP program and food banks in her area.

“You definitely should be able to qualify for both food stamps and heating assistance,” the operator told Saldago during the call.

She also was referred to ways to pay her heating bill and advised to sign up for Medicare as her form of health insurance.

The report states that more than half of fast food workers rely on public assistance programs like the one Saldago was referred to because of their low wage and high costs of living.

Meanwhile, McDonald’s reported five percent more in profits than last year, at around $1.5 billion overall.

Statistics like this are why many workers protested that wages be raised to $15 per hour rather than minimum wage, which Saldago supported.

McDonald’s representative Lisa McComb defended the company’s pay scale based on the jobs people work.

Those jobs range from entry-level part-time to full-time, from minimum wage to salaried positions, and we offer everyone the same opportunity for advancement,” McComb said.

She also defended the hotline and its ability to assist people dealing with issues including elder care, grief and other programs and that the recording was not an accurate portrayal of its usefulness.

This video is not an accurate portrayal of the resource line as this is very obviously an edited video,” she said.

The United States reportedly spends an estimated $7 billion per year on public assistance, with McDonald’s taking advantage of more than $1.2 billion of that.

Clarksville Parks and Recreation Hiring Lifeguards and Cashiers

The Indoor Aquatic Center is Hiring Lifeguards & Cashiers. The Indoor Aquatic Center, located at 166 Cunningham Lane, is now hiring for part-time lifeguards and cashiers. To become a lifeguard, participants must be at least 15 years of age and able to swim 300 yards continuously, tread water for two minutes without the use of arms or hands and successfully complete a timed event within 1 minute and 40 seconds. Lifeguards for the Indoor season should have flexible daytime availability.

Not certified as a lifeguard but still want to apply? That’s fine! The Parks & Recreation Department will host a lifeguard certification class for lifeguard candidates. Cost is $60.00 for the class plus $32 for the resource book. Class will take place December 30-January 3 from 9 am until 3 pm. Cashiers must be at least 18 years of age and know basic math and computer skills.
Lifeguards and cashiers are needed for the following hours:

· Monday thru Thursday: 6:15 a.m. – 12 noon and 3 p.m. – 8 p.m.
· Fridays: 6:15 a.m. – 12 noon and 3 p.m. – 6 p.m.
· Saturdays: 12 noon – 6 p.m.
· Sundays: 1 p.m. – 6 p.m.
Applicants may apply at the Parks & Recreation Main Office, located at 102 Public Square, or at the Indoor Aquatic Center. For more information, please contact the Clarksville Parks and Recreation at 931-645-7476 or call the Indoor Aquatic Center at 931-472-3380.

I hope this information was helpful. For all of you who are seeking to enhance your professional sweet spot and enhance your professional development, check out the video on Lifeguard Fitness Tips.

If you have any comments, questions and/or suggestions about this article or any of my articles, feel free to contact me via email at [email protected] If you would like constant information on careers, jobs and professional development related topics, just subscribe above. All the best!

Unemployment rate falls to 7% on strong jobs report

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released the official jobs report Friday and it had good news. The unemployment rate has fallen to 7%–a five-year low. According to BLS, a net of 203,000 jobs were added in November. Furloughed federal employees returned to work reducing the total number of un-employed persons.

The civilian workforce rose by 455,000 in November after a declined of 720,000 in October. Total employment increased by 818,000 last month, following a decline of 735,000 in October. According to BLS, 196,000 private sector jobs were added, fewer than the 215,000 ADP reported Wednesday. Much of that difference is in methodology.

On top of the November gains, the BLS adjusted previous estimates for September and October that resulted in an additional 8,000 jobs. September’s number went up from the 163,000 reported at the time to 175,000. October’s numbers fell by 4,000.

Other good news in the report was that the number of persons working part time because their hours were cut decreased by 330,000 in November to 7.7 million.

In November there were 762,000 discouraged workers, down by 217,000 from a year ago. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Even though furloughed federal workers had returned to work, the total number of federal employees declined by 10,700 jobs again in November including 3,700 laid off postal workers. Despite political clap-trap about an “exploding” federal government, the number of federal workers has declined nearly every month during the last five years.

State governments, however, added 8,000 employees and local governments hired 6,000 more workers. What we continue to see as a result of congressional budget policies is a shift of the burden from federal taxpayers to state and local taxpayers.

There were big gains in manufacturing, which added 27,000—17,000 of those were making durable goods. Construction added 17,000 new jobs and most of these were higher paid specialty trades like plumbers and electricians.

The service sector, however, still accounted for the most jobs adding 152,000. Transportation and warehousing added 31,000 jobs with gains in couriers and messengers truck transportation, warehousing and storage, and air transportation.

Health care employment continued to increase over the month adding 28,000 jobs. Job gains occurred in home healthcare services and offices of physicians. Nursing care facilities lost 4,000 jobs. Job growth in health care has averaged 19,000 per month thus far this year, compared with an average monthly gain of 27,000 in 2012.
This debunks false claims by certain politicians that Obamacare is killing jobs in the health sector and that physicians are going out of business.

In November, employment in professional and business services went up by 35,000. Over the last 12 months, the industry added an average of 55,000 jobs per month. Retail trade employment also continued to expand in November with gains of 22,000. Job growth occurred in general merchandise stores, sporting goods, hobby stores, book, and music stores. Automobile dealers hired 7,000 workers. Over the prior 12 months, job growth in retail trade averaged 31,000 per month.

Leisure and hospitality, and food and drinking places added 18,000 workers in November. Job growth in this industry averaged 28,000 per month over the prior 12 months.

The jobs report is good news for Americans, and the Obama administration. It affirms that the economy is continuing to recover. On top of this the quarterly survey of CEOs of large corporations indicated most intended to hire workers over the next few months. Republicans are blasting the report saying it proves Obama’s policies are failing.

The only dark spot in this report is that the number of long term employed continues to be too high. President Obama said Wednesday that he would be putting forth a proposal to deal with that. Of course, any proposal will need to be something he can do without relying on the do-nothing Congress.

Let’s hope this good news encourages consumers to spend this holiday season. The stock market opened with double digit gains on the news. Hopefully investors will cut loose with some of that cash. Then if the minimum wage goes up, we might begin to see real economic growth next year. That is a big “if” unfortunately. Scrooge is alive and well.

Community coordinator needed

The New York City Department of Homeless Services, is in need of a Community Coordinator in the Path/Intake Unit. The starting salary is $45,615.00 to $70,810.00 annually. There is only one position available and the work location will be at 151 East 151st, Bronx, New York 10451. The work week is Sunday to Thursday, 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. The job ID number is 143229 and the job will be posted until February 18, 2014 or until position is filled, whichever comes first.

To be qualified for this position, candidates must have a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college and two years experience in community work or community centered activities. If you do not have a baccalaureate degree, candidates must have a high school diploma and six years experience in community work or community centered activities.

Some of the duties associated with a Community Coordinator but not limited to are; supervising community assistants, support fire safety directors and ensure timely and complete submission of incident reports, time sheets and work orders. For a complete and detailed description of duties associated with this title, please go to, under Community & Business Services link, look for job ID 143229, once there, you will be able to upload your resume and cover letter, just hit the ‘apply now’ key.

Once again, the job ID number is 143229 under the Community & Business Services link at I hope this information was helpful. For all of you who will apply for this position, I wish you the best of luck. Check out the video for tips on how to structure a cover letter.

If you have any comments, questions and/or suggestions about this article or any of my articles, feel free to contact me via email at [email protected] If you would like to be updated about home-based business ideas, NYC jobs and NYC exams, feel free to subscribe above. Thanks.

Dem. Rep.: Americans better off working less so they can tuck their child in bed

In a video posted Wednesday by the National Review Online, Rep. Mark Pocan, D-Wisc., claimed that Americans may be better off working less because of Obamacare. As a result, they can tuck their child in bed, he said.

“What that means is instead they might be able to tuck their child in bed at night and read a bedtime story, or go to an activity, which means they’re better off, at least that’s how it is in my part of Wisconsin,” he said.

Pocan used the example of a hypothetical, unnamed person who might be working two part-time jobs instead of three.

According to a report recently released by the Congressional Budget Office, Obamacare will cost the equivalent of 2.5 million full-time jobs over the next decade, the National Review said.

“We are spending $1.2 trillion and taking a blowtorch to the work force in order to fund a semi-public insurance system that still leaves tens of millions uncovered,” the NRO said.

Worse yet, liberal Democrats seem happy that so much labor could be lost as a result of Obama’s signature healthcare law.

“Yesterday, the CBO projected that by 2021 the Affordable Care Act will enable more than 2 million workers to escape ‘job-lock’ – the situation where workers remain tied to employers for access to health insurance benefits,” House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said.

The New York Times editorial board went so far as to say that Obamacare “frees” people from the “trap” of full-time work, a notion many people would find laughable.

According to an article at the Washington Post, the lost labor is “in large part due to people no longer needing work in order to acquire health insurance.”

But the subsidies provided for in Obamacare are creating a disincentive to work, Douglas Elmendorf, director of the Congressional Budget Office said Wednesday.

“”What the Affordable Care Act does, is to provide subsidies focused on lower- and lower-middle-income people to buy health insurance. And in order to encourage a sufficient number of people to buy an expensive product like health insurance, the subsidies are fairly large in dollar terms. Those subsidies are then withdrawn over time — withdrawn from people as their income rises,” he said.

He also said that while the subsidies “make those lower-income people better off…but they do have less of an incentive to work.”

Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wisc., said he was troubled by the report’s conclusions.

“[T]o begin working, getting the dignity of work, getting more opportunities, rising (sic) their income, joining the middle class — this means fewer people will do that,” he said.

Moreover, he opined, the reduced labor participation rate will also lower economic growth.

“Yes, that’s right, Mr. Chairman,” Elmendorf said.

Don’t Say Yes to a New Job Too Fast

One of the dilemmas that many people are now finding out is that maybe they took a job too fast. This is simply because so many have been out of work a long time and needed a job. While this is true, many finding out that maybe they said yes too fast. Something about the job is now a hardship for them. So, be careful and don’t say yes too fast.

It is completely understandable to take the first job offered when you have been out of work a long time. However, for those who are just wanting to get out of a present job, be careful. The grass is not always greener on the other side.

It is very easy in the early stages of job interviews to disregard the little voice in the back of your head that is saying “wait a minute, I don’t like the fact I won’t have any time off for a year,” or “I’m not very good at sales pitches.” Once you disregard your misgivings, accept the job and go to work, you just may be in the same boat or worse than the one you left.

Before you start applying for jobs, take a look at your resume. See where you can make improvements. Make sure all information is up to date. Then, be sure to apply to positions that are really interesting to you and in the field that you are looking for.

Another consideration is that there are a lot less jobs on the market today so it will be hard to use new positions as stepping stones to success. It may be better that you stay where you are, keep looking for the right one and don’t say yes too fast.

City custodial assistant needed

NYC DCAS (New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services) is looking for four custodial assistants to manage its’ various city agency buildings. This is an entry level position. Starting salary is $27,065.00 to $37,671.00 annually. The work location will be at 1 Centre Street, New York, NY 10007.

This posting was first listed on November 29, 2013. You will be able to apply for this position until December 29, 2013. You must send in your resume and cover letter online. You can go to to apply for this position. The job ID number is 136848.

Some of the duties you will be asked to perform are; mopping, cleaning hallways, cleaning bathroom stalls and vacuuming carpets. Some of the additional duties you may be asked to perform under supervision are; emptying waste baskets, cleaning walls by hand and scrubbing and cleaning stairwells.

There is no formal experience or education needed for this position; however, there are certain medical and physical requirements needed. To find out more information about this job posting and job duties, you can go to and look up job ID number 136848.

I hope this information was helpful. For all of you will be applying for this position, I wish you the best of luck.

If you have any comments, questions and/or suggestions about this article or any of my articles, please feel free to reach me via email at [email protected] If you would like to be updated about city job openings, hit the subscribe link above. Thanks.

Adam El Awany shares secrets to recruiting top talent

Adam El Awany recognizes that top talents and star employees are leaders in their own lives. These sought after individuals can be found engaged in: avid production of value, sincere problem solving, and earnest communication efforts. Catching their attention in the first place is best achieved when recruiters seek to find a sincere fit to their employer’s values.

It’s possible to tap into synergistic motives between the promising star candidate and the recruiting firm. Team builders must hone on the shared values, whether flexibility, fairness or funds.

Adam El Awany Suggests Two Methods to Achieving Synergy

Paint a typical day featuring the value a top talent may bring to potential cohorts, customers, and meaningful projects.
Show how these successes can lead to future career.
The Value of Meaningful Conversation

For top talent getting what they are worth and feeling like they are getting what they are worth are two different matters. Recruiters who research their star candidates can be better prepared to make relevant connections during the recruiting and interviewing process. Online research can reveal corresponding ideals via the applicant networks in the industry recommends Adam El Awany.

It’s a prepared talent hunter who is able to engage their ideal top talent in meaningful conversations during the interview process. Positioning the role as a vehicle to bring the top talent to a larger or more appreciative audience could be a smart way to go. Who doesn’t want a larger audience or even more raving fans?

Balanced Scorecard Framework Applications and Other Value Paradigms

Recruiters can ask themselves, “What if?” What if a firm were successful in recruiting an ideal candidate? How might the organization advance in consideration of triple bottom line efforts: people, planet, and profit? What if this star talent brings value beyond skills and abilities? What if their professional network is worth an additional zero on the annual compensation plan? What if they are a potential public relations delight? What are these extras worth?
Answering these questions and presenting the results to decision makers may earn the recruiter permission for more flexibility in compensation discussions with top talent.

Adam El Awany Encourages In-House Recruiting

Developing raw talent into star quality takes a different road than that of external recruitment. The star talent that currently exists in-house indeed may be overlooked because of their gaps in education, social exposure or internal politics. Hiring policies, which create barriers to internal refinement of top talent, are all too common.

Policy wording such as, “all executive management must have an MBA or PhD” do nothing to catch the eye of the leader in the wings with a massive network, 15+ years of sector experience and 3 lowly diplomas. In many situations a temporary contract employee who shows great promise is not even on the radar of recruiters.
Is it lack of an incentive or a dearth of a “current talent” data base system, which hinders any efforts to explore a long term fit for temporary talent?

Where Is This All Going?

When an organization is set up with internal career development paths all is made easier for the recruiter. Even more so if the internal development has shown results featuring real people who are en route or who have “arrived.” Story sharing of such successful paths being navigated may bring reality to abstract, “pie in the sky” department info-graphics.

From his own experience recruiting top talent, Adam El Awany has found that even without a formal internal career development program, recruiters can still be successful. Approaching a career path using creativity and collaboration, all the while keeping in mind shared values, may go a long way to enticing an ideal candidate to join the organization. Sharing the company vision or scaling operation plans, growth strategies or industry sector insider’s knowledge can help catch the interest of a 21st Century Leader.

Don’t Hope for the Best: Recruit Them

The best recruiters are top talent themselves and receiving personal value for their input beyond their worth to the company. In-turn, the company’s worth is advanced in ways unknown to the star recruiter. Value and worth are in the eye of the beholder. Adam El Awany believes top recruiters should know this to be the case in the market place.

The job seeker toolkit can find help with cover letter and resume tips

Every person eventually will find the benefit of using a cover letter and a resume. Whether he or she is a high school graduate or a college graduate using a resume can be very beneficial to obtain employment. There are three resume layouts the job seeker can choose from chronological, functional, and combination. The chronological resume displays a summary of work history in specific detail beginning with current position or most recent position and ending with last position. This type resume can benefit job seekers who want to advance in their career.

Another type of resume many job seekers have chosen is called the functional resume. What makes this type resume structure so popular is because the layout will define job skills and not display employment gaps should any have taken place. The functional resume is beneficial to persons who are just starting in to look for a job, parents entering the job market from raising children or persons who have job gaps in between employment. The third type is a combination resume that brings both chronological and functional resume together into one. This type layout could actually be considered the best of both because the structure appearance. All job seekers can benefit from using the combination resume as they can create a unique resume just for themselves. Lastly, once the resume is completed the final step is writing a cover letter to best market your skills and experience in order to obtain that first interview from the hiring manager.